Homeland Security

Beyond Amarnath Yatra Attack
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Issue Net Edition | Date : 15 Jul , 2017

The terrorist attack on the bus carrying 60 Amarnath pilgrims returning post visiting the cave on July 10 indicates more terror in the offing, requiring measures beyond ramped up security and adherence to rules of movement. Seven pilgrims (five from Gujarat and two from Maharashtra) including six women were killed and 19 including three policemen were injured. The bus bearing a Gujarat number plate was ambushed near Khanabal, Anantnag.

The bus had reportedly suffered a puncture because of which it got separated from the rest of the convoy, continued to move forward after the 7 PM deadline when security cover is lifted and no movement is permitted, virtually walking into the ambush site. Although it is reported that the target was police, when the bus appeared instead, there can be no discounting the possibility that terrorists had the Amarnath Yatra in their crosshairs and would have, and will continue to monitor movement of vehicles carrying pilgrims with lookout for stragglers to target them. With the increasing spate of violence over past few months, no amount of extra caution is enough.

The national highway used by Amarnath pilgrims in J&K are provided security cover from 4 AM to 7 PM. The ill-fated bus was neither registered with the Amarnath Shrine Board nor did it adhere to the movement regulations, which is a serious lapse. Whether terrorists was monitoring the bus which was in Srinagar for two days post completing the visit also remains a  possibility, and if that was indeed the case then the role of the driver and the timing of the puncture needs to be probed too. Post the puncture, when forward movement beyond 7 PM became evident, was there any possibility of contacting the nearest security force? Are vehicles carrying pilgrims issued emergency numbers?

These are issues needing streamlining that may get discovered through the inquiry but may be buried because of politics. According to a media report, after a meeting between intelligence agencies, CRPF and J&K Police on June 25, a warning issued said, “Intelligence input received from Anantnag SSP reveals that terrorists have been directed to eliminate 100 to 150 yatris and about 100 police officers. The attack may be in the form of standoff fire on a yatra convoy which they believe will result in flaring of communal tension throughout the nation.”

Ironically, the pathetic political atmosphere prevailing in the country keeps us divided against the mounting terror threat, whereas the requirement is to stand united. Drawing political mileage from the tragedy of the Amarnath pilgrims amounts to as heinous an act as that of the terrorist strike.

Some of the political statements are devoid of shame, including one after turning a blind eye to the recent communal violence in Basirhat, West Bengal. Similar to intelligence indicating the Basirhat violence is handiwork of the LeT, cross-border links to  the ambush on the Amarnath pilgrims have also been confirmed, Abu Ismail of LeT being the mastermind – a Pakistani national who is reportedly successor to Abu Dujana who was hunted down by security forces.

A senior J&K Police official told the media, “We have identified Ismail and two other men who were with him during the attack. We have also identified the people who drove them to their spot and who brought them their weapons. We know the direction in which the terrorists are hidden and we’ll hunt them down soon.”

There is no doubt that the Amarnath Yatra provides considerably money earning opportunity to the local Kashmiris. Many may not even know that all the pujaris at the Amarnath Cave who perform pooja and distribute prashad, without exception are all Muslims – indicating the uniqueness of India. But the China backed Pakistani terrorism has succeeded in radicalizing large cross-sections of the Valley over the years while our intelligence agencies by design or default looked the other way. As per reports, this attack on Amarnath pilgrims was combined operation by the LeT and HuM which has happened for the first time ever.

The Amarnath Yatra is to continue till August 7; hence terrorists will be looking for more such opportunities. We have to move much beyond taking stock of the situation, holding meetings and briefings, shedding tears (some crocodile) and offering condolences – a concentric cycle till the next terror attacks. China and Pakistan are out to destabilize India and the level of violence should be expected to go up with reports of Pakistan having supplied chemicals to terrorist organizations.

It would not be surprising if China is advising Pakistan how to raise the sub-conventional level against India. Zhou-en-Lai had suggested to Ayub Khan in 1965 that Pakistan should prepare for prolonged conflict with India instead of short – term wars and raise a militia force to act behind enemy lines. A year later a Pakistani delegation to Beijing was told by the Chinese that China had much experience in irregular warfare. In 2010, British media had reported Chinese military advisors working alongside Taliban battling NATO.  China and Pakistan both maintain clandestine chemical weapons, aside from ISI links with AQIS and other terrorist outfits operating in Iraq and Syria with access to chemical capability.

So, use of chemicals like Sarin with ambiguous source should not be discounted, with calls for restraint by India from those supporting Pakistan. Let us not get carried away by the usual rhetoric of terrorists being frustrated, Pakistan’s frustration over failure to capture J&K, and these being mere pin-pricks. The collusive China-Pakistan anti-India nexus is moving along a well defined path, sans constraints of politicking and vote-bank politics like India.

We have to put in place a well thought out strategy for Kashmir. This must include selective surgery against heads of the hydra within J&K (not terrorists alone) for driving the right signal home. Same should be the treatment for the anti-national elements in the rest of India including Lutyen’s Delhi. Finally, the hybrid war must be carried ‘inside’ enemy territory, without which we will continue to remain at the receiving end. Cross-border artillery firing is no deterrence and we are not fooling a determined enemy anyway. Mere rhetoric and mudslinging amongst political parties continues to portray us a ‘soft’ nation, the stand taken by India at Doka La notwithstanding.

Defence needs to be looked at much more seriously; beyond Make in India and big ticket imports while neglecting the soldiers at the cutting edge. Enhanced financial powers of the Army Vice Chief to make emergency purchases for short-intense wars does cut red tape but looking at the deficiencies needs additional budgetary allotment, especially when two successive defence budgets including the present one have been negative.

Besides, what about the comprehensive study done by the erstwhile Army Vice Chief, post the Pak-sponsored terror attacks at the Pathankot IAF base and Uri, pointing out serious deficiencies in defending our posts and military installations? Should that not have been given immediate additional financial allotment? If this is to remain unattended then we are not even serious about defensive measures, what to talk of the need to go pro-active hybrid fashion beyond one-timed surgical strikes.

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The views expressed are of the author and do not necessarily represent the opinions or policies of the Indian Defence Review.

About the Author

Lt Gen Prakash Katoch

is a former Lt Gen Special Forces, Indian Army

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4 thoughts on “Beyond Amarnath Yatra Attack

  1. I read your article where you wrote:
    “They are also not against development and progress but are seeking their right of self-determination which is their birth right supported by United Nations Security Council Resolutions.” -
    First, the United Nations had no role to play for British India’s independence when Pakistan and today’s India came into being in 1947.That process took place under certain formula worked out and agreed upon by all political parties (Congress under Gandhi and Indian Muslim League etc). So the fake self-determination of Kashmiris does not arise.
    But even for the sake of argument if I were to agree with you, that UN resolution imposed the first condition that Pakistan must vacate its occupation before any voting took place, which never happened – a crucial criterion you have mischievously left out.
    Furthermore, the original UN resolution is null and void since it has been superseded by the Shimla agreement between India and Pakistan, which makes Kashmiris “self-determination” null and void. The political issue of Kashmir has been rendered a bilateral issue between India and Pakistan.
    There are also many other political arguments to counter your case which I am not going into here.
    Remember, there will be no such “independent Kashmir” for the whole of “original Kashmir of Maharaja Hari Singh”, either it will be under India or Pakistan. Incidentally, why are you silent about that part of Kashmir which is under Pakistan’s occupation? Why are you people not uprising there for “self-determination” ?

  2. Sir,
    Actually, first we need to fight the enemy within. These so call Islamic school of Thoughts /Scholarship (all of them without any distinction) within the country need to be destroyed first (we all know there is nothing scholarly about Islam). Few of which are named here:-

    Darul Uloom, Devband, Barelvi etc.
    We all know what they have been doing.

    Second, all the Moulvis within the country need to be put under 24x7x365 intelligence scanner since they are the actual dirty minds and culprits who poison the minds of Islamic youth. Actually, almost all muslims are either sympathiser to jihadi cause or extremist to varying degrees. However, these sympathisers are like the body where the head is Moulvis. Saying that, you destroy Moulvis and the sympathisers become headless. Thus though there remain sympathisers, but they remains clueless and thus, sympathisers remains sympathisers and do not convert into terrorists.

    Three, all the money coming from Islamic countries should be put under scanner. All the money coming from non-Islamic countries (but coming from muslim people) should also be put under scanner.

    Four, a dedicated cell shall be made to scan Social Media activity of Islamic extremism with powers to summon & examine people

    • I just need to inform that there is no statutory audit of the books of accounts of various Islamic organisations. Why have successive governments not taken steps to bring a law making it mandatory for these organisations to have their accounts audited?

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