Military & Aerospace

A Tribute to INAS 310 Cobra Squadron in the 1971 Eastern Theatre
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Issue Net Edition | Date : 28 Nov , 2018

As Spring began in Hyeres, France,
On twenty-first March of Sixty One,
The Cobras began their history
With Alizés’ founding an arial den.

Before too long, in a mere decade,
While thriving still in Hansa’s gaze,1
They heard a thunder in the East;
And saw green fields turn to grey.

A call was heard in Seventy One
To change a Wrong to Right.
Cobras from across the Nation
Came forth to show their might;

From Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Kerala,
Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh!
From Gujarat, Bengal, and Haryana,
Karnataka, Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh!

King Cobra Dhir from Punjab,
Panwar was from Rajasthan.
Vijendra, Gupta, Singh, were there with
Damodaran, Divakaran and Dewan,

Rajinder Dass of Haryana joined
Shankar Ghosh, a Bengali,
Ramsagar, Naidu, from Andhra Pradesh.
With Saxena, Clarke, and Kapahi.

From Kerala: Verghese, Mohanan, Paul.
Bhagwat, Patil – both Marathis.
Engineer Chopra from Punjab.
Patel was there, a Gujarati,

They came from different places, yet,
Their spirit was of Haldighati.
Different were their names, and yet,
They were proud Bharatvasi!

Ravi Dhir was my eldest “Veer”!
We were made of the same soil.
He was Dhruva of the Dhir clan.
To his Nation he gifted his toil.

Parents’ pride, handsome and tall,
A soldier, commander; All in all
A mentor to friends and family.
For ones in need, ready on call!

As in the vale of Haldighati
Maharana had drawn his sword;
Had his resolve and strength tested,
When he took on Akbar’s hordes,

So the flyboys’ turmeric valley2
Was to the east of Sunderbans
Pratap’s Chittor was for them
Faraway places like Chittagong.

Shyam Narayan, in glints of sword,
Saw glaring eyes of a Nagin’s hood,
Ready to strike, ready to fight,
For freedom, pride, and Mewar’s good.3

A Cobra-nest, far out at sea,
Nurtured sons of Pratap’s Nagin.
Their range of strike extended far
Through Alizés’ flights on Trade Wind.

The Cobra King knew well his boys,
Eager flyers, bright, and brave.
All were willing to pay the price
For victory that their Mother craved.

Courageous was the Mother, too.
‘Vikrant’ kept watch over their nest.
In absence of full-breeze at sea
She asked for Cobras’ very best.

With Alizés few and a lot to do,
The Cobra Squad was sharp and lean.
They scanned the waters for Ghazi’s kin4
To ensure Bengal’s Bay was clean.

It was in nature of ‘Purvi’ Alizés5
To know their West from their East.
Out went Cobras, one by one,
Over the enemy’s land to feast.

Chopra, Paul, astute engineers
Kept the aircrafts flying fit.
Naidu sensed the mood of winds
To ensure that the loads would lift.

The enemy readily took pot-shots
With guns, bullets, and good aim.
When hit, calmly Ramsagar flew
His sturdy Alizé, just the same;

The Squad was made of best of best,
Pilots backed by keen Observers!
Bhagwat’s sixth sense took Ramsagar’s
Dead-reckoning flight back to Mother!

With Cobras’ nest was Tigers’ lair.6
Both flew days, and Cobras nights.
Together they claimed a lakh of tons.
The enemy froze, paralyzed in fright!

Barisal was bombed; and Khulna,
Chalna, Mongla, reduced to names.
Cox’s Bazar, Bakarganj beaten;
Do Hazari gave up the game.

Ports and airstrips were destroyed,
Enemy cowed; their ships were sunk.
Cobras, Tigers, returned to Mother.
Pak surrendered. The war was won.

A price was paid in the West.
Cobras success came at cost –
Akku Roy, Sirohi, and Vijayan
To a Starfighter, at sea were lost.7

Panwar, Bhagwat, Ramsagar, Ghosh,
Dhir, got Chakras to their names!
I called him Veer all through my life.
Now the Nation does the same.8


  1. INAS 310 Cobra Squadron, flying Breguet Br.1050 Alizé anti-submarine aircrafts, was based at INS Hansa, when they embarked on board INS Vikrant during the 1971 Indo-Pak War.
  2. “Turmeric valley” refers to Haldighati, a mountain pass in the Aravalli Range, 44 kilometers from Udaipur, Rajasthan, in Rajsamand District, where the color of the soil resembles that of turmeric.
  3. Poet Shyam Narayan Pandey, in his famed poetic tome, Haldighati, described Maharana Pratap’s sword as a deadly serpent: “क्या अजब विषैली नागिन थी, जिसके डसने में लहर नहीं”
  4. PNS Ghazi, a Pakistani submarine in search of INS Vikrant, was sunk off Vizakhapatnam on 3rd December 1971.
  5. ‘Purvaiya’ (‘पुरवईया’) is Hindi for the French language Alizé, or the English language Trade Wind.
  6. The Tiger Squadron was INAS 300, the White Tigers, commanded by Lt Cdr Santosh K. “GG” Gupta, flying Seahawk fighter aircrafts. Lt Cdr Gupta earned the MVC and retired as a Rear Admiral.
  7. Lt Cdr Ashok Roy, NM, and his crew were shot down by a Pakistan Air Force F-104 Starfighter in the Western Theatre.
  8. The five VrC recipients for the Cobras on board INS Vikrant were King Cobra Lt Cdr Ravi Dhir, Senior Pilot Lt Cdr S Ramsagar, Senior Observer Lt Cdr SP Ghosh, Lt BB Bhagwat, and Lt KS Panwar. The sixth Cobra to receive a VrC was Lt Cdr Ashok Roy, NM, a posthumous award, in the Western Theatre.
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The views expressed are of the author and do not necessarily represent the opinions or policies of the Indian Defence Review.

About the Author

Dr Krishna S Dhir, PhD

is Research Professor at Széchenyi István University in Győr, Hungary; and Professor Emeritus at Berry College, USA. Earlier, he was a Dean at the University of Hawai‘i at Hilo, and at Berry College, both in USA. He has served as visiting professor at Swinburne University of Technology and RMIT University in Australia, University of Pannonia in Hungary, and Coventry University in UK. He was head of business programs at The Citadel: The Military College of South Carolina in Charleston, USA. He worked with BioStar Medical Products in USA; Borg-Warner Chemicals in USA; and CIBA-GEIGY in Switzerland. He was elected Fellow of the Operational Research Society in 2004; and President of Decision Sciences Institute during 2011-2012. He earned a BTech in chemical engineering at IIT Bombay; MS also in chemical engineering at Michigan State University; MBA at the University of Hawaii; and PhD in Management Science at the University of Colorado. His address is:

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