Terrorism and violence continue in Pakistan, along with the political intrigues, and this may eventually lead to the return of the military rule in some form or the other. The Pakistani army may spur fears of Indian aggression in these circumstances to gain public support and may intensify the proxy war efforts in Kashmir. India has to brace itself to accept the realities of our troubled neighbourhood and be prepared to face greater threats to its security in this situation.
The U.S. raid and the killing of Osama bin Laden in May 2011, in a hideout in the Pak garrison town of Abbottabad, exposed the Pakistan armys dubious games and its designs of selective terrorism. Once the Pakistani game was fully exposed, U.S. aid was curtailed.
Pakistan, till recently, continued to covertly support al-Qaeda, the Afghani Taliban and the Haqqani network, which regularly targeted and killed U.S. soldiers while getting military and financial support from the United States on the pretext of fighting terrorism and al-Qaeda. The result of this duplicitous policy was that al-Qaeda was protected in Pakistan and it carried out its business without hindrance. After the U.S. Special Forces intruded into Pakistan and killed Osama and the border incident in which 24 Pakistani soldiers were killed, the relationship between the United States and Pakistan soured a bit.
The ISI has been involved in sinister designs all over the world, including its own country, and it has been fomenting terror in the entire South Asian region. The U.S. raid and the killing of Osama bin Laden in May 2011, in a hideout in the Pak garrison town of Abbottabad, exposed the Pakistan army’s dubious games and its designs of selective terrorism. Once the Pakistani game was fully exposed, U.S. aid was curtailed. But an uneasy partnership for mutual strategic benefits between the two countries continues regardless of these developments.
The Pakistan army has not been able to explain its lack of knowledge about the existence of Osama bin Laden since the last five years close to sensitive military establishments to the people of Pakistan, and it is now playing new political games to re-establish its image and credibility. The army, however, appears unfazed and is not ready to give any quarter to the civil administration.
The ISI, through its terror fronts, frequently targeted U.S. supply convoys to Afghanistan moving through Pakistan”¦The convoys are still blocked, and the U.S. remains a helpless spectator because of its strategic compulsions.
It is difficult to believe that the Americans, despite a close and long association with the Pakistan army, have all along been in the dark about the shadowy double-dealing of the Pakistan army and the ISI’s support to the terrorist groups in the Af-Pak region. It is more likely they did very little because of their strategic stakes and interests in the Af-Pak region till gradually things went beyond bearable limits. Drone attacks and covert ground actions by the U.S. against al-Qaeda and its supporters in the areas astride the Durand Line area could have been more effective but for the ISI’s “tipping off” terrorists and their leadership before American attacks. After the border incident in which a large number of Pakistani soldiers were killed, Pakistan stopped cooperating and intelligence sources available to American forces dried up, making the targeted killing of al-Qaeda more difficult.
The ISI, through its terror fronts, frequently targeted U.S. supply convoys to Afghanistan moving through Pakistan. Eventually, they closed this route as a grim reminder to the United States of Pakistan’s strategic importance to them. The convoys are still blocked, and the U.S. remains a helpless spectator because of its strategic compulsions.
The army’s intense involvement in the internal and external policies of Pakistan is perhaps the main reason of the importance of the ISI, which has been its prime instrument to oversee and conduct all covert operations in the region. The ISI conducts its armed operations through the terrorist organisations based within and outside the country that it has raised, sponsored and funded. The Jamaat-ul-Dawa and its terror affiliate, the Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT), the Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM), the Hizb-ul-Mujahideen (HuM), the Sunni strike forces, Sipahe-Sahaba, the Afghani Taliban, anti–U.S. warlords and the Haqqani network besides many others, work under the directions of the ISI and are being trained by the Pakistan army as elite commando groups.