Homeland Security

Police cannot take on Maoists
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Issue Vol 25.4 Oct-Dec 2010 | Date : 25 May , 2013

The latest flash-point between The People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army or naxals in the Lakhisarai forests of Bihar is a tell-tale indicator of the state of preparedness of the Indian police and para-military forces to combat the rapidly expanding Maoist insurgency. According to Home Minister P Chidambaram, 223 districts across 20 states (out of a total of 636 districts in 28 states and seven Union Territories) are thus affected. General VP Malik in a recent write-up described this as follows: “A situation of “consistent violence” exists in about 400 police station areas of 90 districts in 13 states.

The Maoists have threatened that they would “expand their activities to wider areas, mobilise wider masses, gather new momentum and get new dynamism” in the wake of multi-state counter-insurgency operations launched against them. In recent months, no week has passed without an armed encounter or a casualty. In 2009, there were 998 fatalities, 312 of them police personnel. The fatalities this year have already crossed 885, which include over 200 policemen. The number of policemen who have laid down their lives is very large when compared to the success achieved in such encounters.”

Operation Green Hunt has laid bare the complete inadequacy of India’s Police

Four Bihar policemen – Tete, Abhay Kumar Yadav, Rupesh Kumar Sinha and Ehsan Khan – were kidnapped by Maoists after a six-hour gunfight in Lakhisarai district Aug 29, in which seven policemen were killed and 10 injured. Maoists claimed the gunfight was in retaliation for the killing of their leader Cherukuri Rajkumar alias Azad and a journalist on the night of July 1-2 in Andhra Pradesh.

the-red-corridorThe rebels threatened that the policemen would be killed unless eight jailed Maoist leaders were released. A day after rebels said that they had killed one of the abducted policemen, Tete’s body was found in a jungle in Lakhisarai on Sep 3.

The other three were released on Sep 6. Eight days after the three police personnel were released unharmed the Bihar Police claimed that it had arrested a Maoist, Boro Koda, suspected to be the killer of the fourth abducted policeman, Lucas Tete. Bihar Police chief Neelmani said that Boro Koda was arrested from Lakhmipur area in Jamui district.

  • According to the statistics provided by the state police headquarters, 86 policemen and 188 civilians lost their lives in various Maoists attacks in Bihar since 2005. Between 2006-2009, 50 Maoists were killed by police in the state and the Maoists looted 132 police weapons during the period. The Bihar government says 33 of the 40 police districts in the state are “naxal-hit”. The Maoists attack this year started with a strike on a Bihar Military Police (BMP) camp in Bhagalpur. Four police personnel were critically wounded and the Maoists took away four SLRs, two carbines, three hand grenades and 500 rounds of ammunition.
  • On February 13, Maoists killed a Station House Officer (SHO) Mithlesh Prasad in an encounter in Konch police station area in Gaya district. Four Naxalites were also killed.
  • On February 17, Maoists killed eleven villagers at Fulwaria village in Jamui district and torched a police jeep in Gaya.
  • On March 23, the ultras killed a private guard Wakil Singh and a driver at a toll plaza under Mahapur under Gaya district and also looted 25 rifles.
  • On the same day, they attacked a police patrol and critically wounded SHO Virendra Yadav and six Special Auxiliary Police (SAP) personnel at Belsand in Sitamarhi district and injured two SAP personnel in Sheohar district.
  • Five villagers were killed and another injured at Rambanvillage in Sheohar district on May 21. On June 3, two Naxalites were killed by Maoists in Baghel jungle in Munger district.
  • On August 13, Maoists kidnapped a close aide of the Bihar Assembly Speaker, Udai Narain Choudhary but later let him off but not before assaulting him severely.
  • In 2009, 384 naxalites were arrested, and 105 weapons, 14,808 rounds of ammunition, 6833 kg explosive, 11,319 detonators, 56 landmines and Rs 6,81,148 in cash were seized from them.

“My family negotiated with the naxals for my release.”

These statistics clearly show that the Bihar police does not have the gumption or training to take on the Maoist insurgents. I am pleading you with folded hand, please let me go home. I will not accompany you to the police station. I don’t want to be in police. This is what Abhay Yadav told Lakhisarai Superintendent of Police, Ranjit Kumar Mishra after his release by the PLGA cadres on September 6th.

Eventually Lakhisarai’s recently appointed SP forced Abhay, Rupesh Sinha and Mohmmad Ehsan Khan, to take a detour to the Lakshisarai police station for a debrief session. These policemen survived an eight-day ordeal as captives of the People’s Liberation Guerilla Army (PLGA) in the Lakhisarai hills. PLGA is the armed wing of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) and is popularly referred to as ‘naxals’. It is unlikely that Abhay will give up his job. Employment in the government service, especially police, is a coveted job because it brings in unaccounted wealth. “I want to leave my job. But my family will decide,” Abhay told Indian Defence Review. “Dheeraj Rakhiye” (Please be patient), these words were used every time a senior police officer spoke to policemen in the lower ranks. But each expression of “Dheeraj Rakhiye” brought despair and a sense of inadequacy to policemen in Lakhisarai, Jamui, Munger and Banka. In some portions of the densely forested hills connecting these districts several teams of Bihar Police and the CRPF staged short bursts of combing operations to trace the kidnapped policemen. Some policemen, like Jawaharlal Singh, assistant sub-inspector, Jamui police station and General Secretary of the Jamui District Police Association berated curious villagers: “Your netas (political leaders) are responsible for naxalism. They create the problem, they use naxals for political one-upmanship and we have to face the brunt of it.”

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The views expressed are of the author and do not necessarily represent the opinions or policies of the Indian Defence Review.

About the Author

VK Shashikumar

is a Systems Strategist and writes occasionally on Defence and Strategic Affairs. Recipient of 'Ramnath Goenka Award for Excellence in Journalism'

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One thought on “Police cannot take on Maoists

  1. It’s all well and good Mr. KUMAR, but frankly appeasing maoists hasn’t worked till now and it never will. They are called tribals because thats what they are – just like Indians are called Indians and blacks are called blacks there’s nothing to it. It’s probably your own perceived prejudices that is awkward with these terms. India has plenty of problems not least with resource allocation and poverty. If you think multinationals and corporations and good old business and entrepreneurship is not the best way to go about making more and more citizens of India or any other nation for that matter prosperous then please do give your ideas which will replace this tried and tested method. If you think we all should just preserve our resources instead of finding sustainable practices to better the lives of people then I understand that you are one of those lala land romantics and nothing can convince such people. But if you are a realist then either give alternatives to the so called multinationals – businesses in general – the same businesses that has given us ground breaking medicine to save lives, automobiles, planes, better homes, better methods of agriculture – yes most of these comes from private enterprise – businesses including multi nationals. Maybe it is you and Mr. Wagle who sit in the comfort of your homes in front of your computers (another leap forward thanks to private enterprise) and not tackle issues head on like these multi nationals you criticise who provide jobs to millions to enhance livelihoods and come up with more groundbreaking products to make human life easier and better and longer.Who is the hypocrite I wonder?

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