Geopolitics

Pakistan Must End Kashmir Obsession
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Issue Net Edition | Date : 11 Aug , 2020

Pakistan’s obsession with Kashmir is the main cause of its economic collapse and international labelling as fountainhead of terror. Pakistani political and military leadership continues to brainwash its “awam” (native people) with rhetoric like “Kashmir is an unfinished agenda of the partition”, “Kashmir is umbilical cord of Pakistan”.

Ever since 1947, Pakistan’s obsession can be gauged from the fact that it has fought three wars and the Kargil Conflict with India. Failing miserably to fight the Indian Army, it embraced the strategy of “Bleeding through Thousand Cuts” conceptualised by their radical dictator Zia ulHaq. It then launched a proxy war in Kashmir duly backed up with jihadi terrorism terming it “religious militancy.”

It’s obsession with Kashmir has forced it to adopt terrorism as an instrument of state policy with the Pakistan Army maintaining the terrorists as the “strategic assets.” Despite the Damocles’ Sword of Financial Action Task Force (FATF) hanging over its head, it continues to support terrorism with a few cosmetic changes to hoodwink the FATF.

Pakistan’s blind obsession with Kashmir has resulted in it losing friends globally particularly among the Islamic countries. To begin with, Pakistan enjoyed a little bit of international sympathy on the matter of Kashmir. But as Pakistan’s obsession grew stronger by the day and it set in motion the process to snatch Kashmir from India through any and every means particularly terrorism, it began to lose international support. The situation has reached to such a situation that barring one or two nations none is willing to support Pakistan on the K question with most of the countries dubbing it as an internal matter of India.

Reasons for this obsession are not difficult to gauge. First and foremost is Pakistan’s greed for the water of the Indus that flows through Kashmir. It is the life line for the Punjabis who rule Pakistan. Pakistan is not at all interested in the Kashmiris but is interested in Kashmir because of the water. Its sympathies for the Kashmiris is superficial and all pledges of support and bewailing of Black Day on 05 August is just symbolic and amounts to shedding crocodile tears. Their fear lies in the fact that their canal network will be starved of water when India stops the excess flow of water without violating the International Laws on sharing the waters with the riparian state.

Pakistan Army rules the roost in a democratic Pakistan. Pakistan Army’s authority over the populace and the democratically(?) elected Government will remain intact so long as they are successful in keeping  Kashmir  on the boil and sustain the myth that India as a ‘Hindu nation’ is an existential threat which suffers from “Islamophobia”.

But for the Pakistan Army, India would gobble up their country and change the Muslim-majority identity of Kashmir. Though, this logic holds no validity since Pakistan through unilateral actions has not only changed the demography of the occupied territories of J&K, denied them civil and political rights but also illegally ceded parts of its territory to China. If India is no longer seen as a major military threat, the army will lose its raison d’etre.

After losing its Eastern Wing in 1971 and suffering a humiliating defeat at the hands of the Indian Army, it had nurtured the idea of taking revenge by annexing Kashmir.

Last but not the least, Kashmir acted as a glue to unite the otherwise disintegrated Pakistanis. Through emotional blackmail and speeches of atrocities on fellow Muslims, Pak leadership found this as a convenient method to divert the attention of their “awam” from serious domestic issues. Pakistan is almost a FAILED STATE and Kashmir issue fosters some JINGOISM in the hearts & minds of the people which keeps Pakistan intact. The day this jingoism vanishes, the country would get disintegrated.

With the “ends” defined clearly, Pakistan deep state has been employing all “means” including radical jihadi terror. Apart from direct and clandestine intervention in Kashmir, Pakistan for decades has tried to internationalise the problem in Kashmir to gain international support hoping it could change territorial status quo in its favour.

But the events of 05 August 2019 including a few historical decisions taken by India including bifurcation of the state into two union territories took the sail out of the winds as far as Pakistan is concerned. India has not only made Pakistan irrelevant through universal acceptance of India’s stand of the issue being India’s internal matter but sent unmistakable signals of her claim over the occupied territories by Pakistan including the ones ceded illegally to China. Imran Khan and his military mentors were clearly taken by surprise by India’s move.

Thereafter, Pakistan went into a spin mode, desperation was visible in all its moves. It tried all tricks in its book including military build-up on the Line of Control (LoC), raking up the issue in United Nations General Assembly, appeal to Islamic nations, seeking emergency meeting of Organisation of Islamic Countries (OIC), pleading before the US President Trump, upping the ante of terrorism, increased ceasefire violations (CFVs) and global propaganda against India through its paid think tanks including social media jihad. But Pakistan suffered humiliation everywhere to the extent that its leadership had to eat a humble pie.

Meanwhile, India continued with its slew of measures to set the house in order in Kashmir through administrative reforms, anti-terror operations, employment generation, developmental projects and strengthening of grassroots democracy. Pakistan all the while kept interfering through its proxies to ensure that Kashmir continues to remain on the boil. Kashmiris’ rejection of Pakistan and Pak sponsored terrorism is evident from the fact that more and more Kashmiris are coming forward to share information about the terrorists with the security forces.

As a last ditch effort to display its relevance Pakistan decided to observe 05 August this year as a Black Day to show their “solidarity with Kashmiris” in order to win back the Kashmiris and garner global support. The celebrations include visit of foreign media, raising the issue at UN, statements by political and military leaders, panel discussions, special supplements in print media, visit of United Nations Military Observers to LoC, symbolic changes like renaming the Rawalpindi-Muzaffarabad Highway as Kashmir Highway and Muzaffarabad-Uri Road as Srinagar Road and finally the address of Imran Khan to POJK Assembly.  The events proved to be a damp squib.

Attempt to raise the issue at UN Security Council with help of China found no takers and both China and Pakistan were snubbed badly. CFV to coincide with the address of Imran Khan met with a strong response from India causing extensive damage to its military infrastructure.

Pakistan’s attempt to garner support from Islamic nations particularly Saudi Arabia failed to elicit favourable response. It failed in its effort to convene a meeting of foreign ministers of OIC.

“Pakistan’s desire for an international solution to Kashmir seems farther from the realm of possibility than ever. In the aftermath of the recent Indian decision, the US noted that India considers it an internal matter. Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Maldives – all members of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) – acknowledged the internal nature of the constitutional changes. Among member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), United Arab Emirates (UAE) took the lead in expressing the hope that the changes would improve the lives of Kashmiris.

Imran Khan’s call to Turkey’s President Erdogan elicited a promise of “steadfast support” without condemnation of India. A similar call for support to Malaysia’s Prime Minister Tun Mahathir bin Mohammad resulted only in a lukewarm expression of concern. Even China’s criticism focused more on its territorial dispute with India over Ladakh than on Pakistan’s stance although the Chinese statement did refer to the dispute as an issue ‘left from the past between India and Pakistan’,” according to Husain Haqqani, an eminent Pakistani analyst.

The danger of losing its prominence and supremacy continues to haunt the Pakistan Army. Through its selected Prime Minister it wants to keep the pot boiling in Kashmir despite indications to the contrary. Rather than accepting the writing on the wall, the army is compelling Khan and his government to continue with the Kashmir obsession.

Time has come for Pakistan to end its obsession with Kashmir. It has lost the battle, it needs to admit. Instead it must concentrate on looking after its own “awam” which badly needs the attention of its political leadership. Pakistan is on the verge of implosion and that should bother Imran Khan. He himself has admitted on numerous occasions that international community backs India. He needs to understand the harsh reality that international relations are not build on emotions but on pragmatism. Pakistan Army will have to change its mind- set before it earns the wrath of the “awam” and then forced to do so.

Kashmiris are very wise and practical. After initial resistance, since there is always a resistance to change, they will soon accept the new order and work for their better future. They have discarded Pakistan for good. It’s for Pakistan to see the light of the day and stop wasting its energies in Kashmir.It needs to set its own house in order to prevent it from imploding. Instead of solidarity with Kashmiris it needs to show empathy and solidarity with Sindhis, Baloochis, Pathans, Shias, Ahmediyas and the minorities.

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The views expressed are of the author and do not necessarily represent the opinions or policies of the Indian Defence Review.

About the Author

Brig Anil Gupta

Jammu-based political commentator, security and strategic analyst. He can be contacted at anil5457@gmail.com

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One thought on “Pakistan Must End Kashmir Obsession

  1. A detailed update of the issue till date presented very well. For sure Pak will not change its obsession of K, till it fails miserably and collapses completely. We can’t keep waiting till then, and the steps initiated on 05 Aug 19 needs to be continued and our K must keep developing on all fronts full stream. Simultaneously we must keep squeezing Pak on all fronts, may it be excess flow of water, confronting on intl. platform, stepped up diplomacy and what ever overt/ covert operations essential to break the back bone of this evil called Pak. We must smartly instigate its disintegration into at least four independent states before China establishes its stronghold over Major part of Pak, incl Baluchistan and get an opening into IOR. China is slowly developing its own mil footprints in Pak on different pretexts and dealing Pak at that belated stage will be difficult. Now is the time. We can’t change our neighbours but sure we can break them and reduce them to rubble. Once Pak is sorted out, dealing with China shall be comparatively easier as its expansion on this axis will then be of use to it.

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