Military & Aerospace

1971: Surrender of Pakistani Troops
Star Rating Loader Please wait...
Issue Net Edition | Date : 15 Jul , 2014


In 1971, Lt Gen Jagjit Singh Aurora, PVSM, then GOC-in-C, Eastern Command, accepted history’s greatest surrender since the end of World War-II.

In the above video, Brigadier Baqir Siddiqui, Chief of Staff, Eastern Command of Pakistan Army surrenders with his 12,000 men before Indian Army Major General Gandharv Nagra on December 21, 1971.

This is a less publicized and less well-known surrender ceremony which took place on December 21 1971, days after the first surrender by Niazi’s forces

Within 13 days of start of war, Indian military decimated pakistani forces and liberated Bangladesh from the clutches of pakjabis. The resulting surrender of 90,000 pakistani military personnel was largest in number of prisoners of war since World War II.

The Instrument of Surrender of Pakistani forces stationed in East Pakistan was signed at Ramna Race Course in Dhaka at 16.31 IST on 16 December 1971, by Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora, General Officer Commanding-in-chief of Eastern Command of the Indian Army and Lieutenant General A. A. K. Niazi, Commander of Pakistani forces in East Pakistan.

The Hamoodur Rahman Commission report instituted by Pakistan has the following comments to make on the result of war

For Pakistan it was a complete and humiliating defeat, a psychological setback that came from a defeat at the hands of intense rival India.

Pakistan lost half its territory, significant portion of its economy and its geo-political role in South Asia.

The loss of East Pakistan had shattered the prestige of the Pakistani military. Pakistan lost half its navy, a quarter of its air force and a third of its army.

The Pakistani people were not mentally prepared to accept defeat, the state-controlled media in West Pakistan had been projecting imaginary victories. When the surrender in East Pakistan was finally announced, people could not come terms with the magnitude of defeat, spontaneous demonstrations and mass protests erupted on the streets of major cities in West Pakistan. Also, referring to the remaining rump Western Pakistan as simply “Pakistan” added to the effect of the defeat as international acceptance of the secession of the eastern half of the country and its creation as the independent state of Bangladesh developed and was given more credence. The cost of the war for Pakistan in monetary and human resources was very high. Demoralized and finding himself unable to control the situation, General Yahya Khan surrendered power to Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto who was sworn-in on 20 December 1971 as President and as the (first civilian) Chief Martial Law Administrator. A new and smaller western-based Pakistan emerged on 16 December 1971.

Rate this Article
Star Rating Loader Please wait...
The views expressed are of the author and do not necessarily represent the opinions or policies of the Indian Defence Review.

About the Author

More by the same author

Post your Comment

2000characters left

2 thoughts on “1971: Surrender of Pakistani Troops

  1. It’s very sadning that the so called Indian mindset needs to be comforted With the old and obsolete stories of their forefathers’ heroic adventures, if these ever were heroic at all,given the fact that all stories were a Goliath against the little David who’s too weak to defend himself. In contrast, this same Indian Goliath was defeated misserably at the hands of the far superior and highly intelligent Sun Tzu’s men, and that story only comes up occasionally when it’s absolutely necessary.

    It’s a matter of time before the same Han Chinese Allied With the potential friends in the region to route out the feudalistic Indian Union. When that happen, the tiny Sinhala military will be able to make the Southern potion of the Maurian military to surrender in an ignimenious manner.

More Comments Loader Loading Comments