Articles By Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa

Military Modernisation and the “Hollowness”

Military Modernisation and the “Hollowness”

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Net Edition | Date: 24 Nov , 2022

Ten years ago, in 2012, the then Chief of the Army Staff wrote a detailed letter to the then Prime Minister bringing to his notice the “critical deficiencies” in the Army’s arsenal and...

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Land Warfare and its Future ‘Avatar’

Land Warfare and its Future ‘Avatar’

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Courtesy: Uday India | Date: 15 Oct , 2022

‘The Avatar is the one that holds the balance of them together until he disappears. When that happens, peace is lost and war becomes the common theme among the nations.’ – Avatar: The Last...

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The Great Churning: Reset of Global Geopolitical Order

The Great Churning: Reset of Global Geopolitical Order

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Net Edition | Date: 16 Sep , 2022

“A new world order can only be created if we establish an order where the powerful wolf cannot eat the weak lamb!”— Mehmet Murat ildan The geopolitical order of the world was radically...

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Logistics and Stamina in War

Logistics and Stamina in War

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Vol. 37.2, Apr-Jun 2022 | Date: 24 Jun , 2022

“My logisticians are a humourless lot… they know if my campaign fails, they will be the first ones I will slay.” — Alexander the Great “Logistics comprises the means and arrangements...

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China’s Geostrategic Perspect and Eastern Ladakh

China’s Geostrategic Perspect and Eastern Ladakh

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Vol. 37.1, Jan-Mar 2022 | Date: 23 Mar , 2022

“Since deterrence can only be tested negatively, by events that do not take place, and since it is never possible to demonstrate why something has not occurred, it became especially difficult...

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Defence Production & Export Promotion Policy will be the oxygen for the industry

Defence Production & Export Promotion Policy will be the oxygen for the industry

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Net Edition | Date: 19 Feb , 2022

Interview first published in Sep 2020 IBT: India has recently imposed an import embargo on 101 items in the defence sector. How well is the country positioned for indigenous manufacturing of these...

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Ukraine: Games Nations Play

Ukraine: Games Nations Play

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Net Edition | Date: 31 Jan , 2022

One is reminded of a couple of books published sometime in the mid and late sixties – ‘I am Ok, You are Ok’ by Thomas Anthony Harris and ‘Games People Play’ by Eric Berne.  Harris...

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Hundred Years of Peace with India: A Non-Starter from the Word Go

Hundred Years of Peace with India: A Non-Starter from the Word Go

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Net Edition | Date: 22 Jan , 2022

As expected there was a wave of euphoria amongst the Indian liberal community. They see the Pakistani National Security Policy as a success of all their Track 1.5, Track 2 and the other Umpteen...

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The 14th Round of Talks in Ladakh:  And the PLA’S Training Mobilisation...

The 14th Round of Talks in Ladakh:  And the PLA’S Training Mobilisation...

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Net Edition | Date: 15 Jan , 2022

On 4th January 2022, the Chairman of the Chinese Central Military Commission (CMC), Xi Jinping, signed and issued the Training Mobilisation Order (TMO) to the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) for...

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China Unleashes an “Indian Spring”!!

China Unleashes an “Indian Spring”!!

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Vol. 36.4, Oct-Dec 2021 | Date: 15 Dec , 2021

The surrogate of the 21st century is an adjunct in a growing tool box within the full-spectrum, hybrid conflicts where kinetic action is just one of many levers power protagonists employ to...

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India’s Extended Neighbourhood in Turmoil: Afghanistan – A Vacuum or a...

India’s Extended Neighbourhood in Turmoil: Afghanistan – A Vacuum or a...

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Vol. 36.3, Jul-Sep 2021 | Date: 26 Sep , 2021

“The Iraqi and Afghan wars have not ‘ended.’ Only America’s involvement has ‘ended.’ …When a country leaves a war before achieving victory it is not called leaving. It is called...

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What Obstructs India’s Quest for the Status as a ‘Power’?

What Obstructs India’s Quest for the Status as a ‘Power’?

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Vol. 36.2, Apr-Jun 2021 | Date: 21 Jun , 2021

“Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun.” Our principle is that the Party commands the gun, and the gun must never be allowed to command the Party. …According to the Marxist theory...

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“If You Know Your Enemy…” — Why China did What it did in Ladakh?

“If You Know Your Enemy…” — Why China did What it did in Ladakh?

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Vol. 36.1, Jan-Mar 2021 | Date: 06 Feb , 2021

“If you have an enemy, then learn and know your enemy, don’t just be mad at him.” — Denzel Hayes Washington (American actor, director, and producer) Consequent to the five underground...

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Is India Finally Emerging: From its Strategic Reticence?

Is India Finally Emerging: From its Strategic Reticence?

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Vol. 35.4 Oct-Dec 2020 | Date: 07 Dec , 2020

“The world is a gymnasium where nations come to make themselves strong.” — Swami Vivekananda Ancient Indian identity was forged by distinct geographical reality that insulated India from...

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Did a Global Pandemic Generate a Global Pandemonium?

Did a Global Pandemic Generate a Global Pandemonium?

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Vol. Apr-Jun 2020, (35.2) & Jul-Sep 2020, (35.3) | Date: 26 Sep , 2020

“The state… always feels itself weak if there is another that is stronger. Its security and preservation demand that it make itself more powerful than its neighbours. It can increase, nourish...

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China’s Peaceful Rise: A Hypothetical Scenario

China’s Peaceful Rise: A Hypothetical Scenario

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Net Edition | Date: 18 Sep , 2020

“Our path is different from both the paths of Germany in World War I and Germany and Japan in World War II, when they tried to overhaul the world political landscape by way of aggressive wars....

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1965 Indo-Pak War: Victory or Stalemate?

1965 Indo-Pak War: Victory or Stalemate?

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Vol. 30.3 Jul-Sep 2015 | Date: 20 Aug , 2020

“We live in a wondrous time, in which the strong is weak because of his scruples and the weak grows strong because of his audacity.” —German Chancellor, Otto von Bismarck. Fifty years ago,...

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LAC: Fast Forward to the Summer of 2021

LAC: Fast Forward to the Summer of 2021

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Net Edition | Date: 27 Jul , 2020

The 1962 Chinese attack was – “To demolish India’s arrogance and illusions of grandeur. China had taught India a lesson and would do so again and again.” – Chinese President Liu Shaoqi to...

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China: Threat or Challenge?

China: Threat or Challenge?

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Issue: Book Excerpt: China: Threat or Challenge? | Date: 17 Jun , 2020

China’s sustained double digit economic growth over three decades transformed China. It has lifted 700 million Chinese people out poverty – an unparalleled feat in human history. Its economic...

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Understanding the Political Perspectives of the Jammu and Kashmir War (1947-48)

Understanding the Political Perspectives of the Jammu and Kashmir War (1947-48)

By: Lt Gen (Dr) JS Bajwa | Date: 28 Feb , 2020

“On 12th and 13th December 1948, the Indian Air Force bombed a Pakistani military stores and ammunition dump at Palak, situated between Kotli and Mirpur. These activities appeared to have added...

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